Archaeological studies show that history of mining in Turkey goes back to 8800BC. Mining played an important part in the developments of ancient civilizations such as Phoenicians, Hitites, Phrygians, Lidyans, Romans and Ottomans.
Turkey lies within a globally significant metallogenic zone, the Tethyan Eurasian Metallogenic Belt (TEMB). The TEMB extends from south-east Europe, through Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan and through to the Himalayas, and hosts some of the worlds largest gold and copper deposits. Most gold deposits in the country are of the epithermal or porphyry-related types and occur primarily in the west, within the Anatolides and in the north east and within the Pontides. The majority of deposits are of Neogene age and are hosted by volcanic rocks.
Turkey geological map.
Little modern exploration was conducted in the 20th century and the current upsurge in activity by companies such as Ariana Resources provides scope for modern data evaluation and prospectivity modelling to enhance the likelihood of major discoveries and improve exploration efficiency.